born July 8, 1788, Montmorency, Quebec
My great great great grandfather.
Soldier, Voyageur, Canoe/boat Builder, Carpenter, Catholic, family man, and friend to the people of the First Nation.
He married Marguerite Catherine Guilmond on November 2, 1826, Drummond Island. Marguerite was born in on January 6, 1798, and died in 1839 in Penetanguishene. She was baptized on November 2, 1826 (the same day that she and Joseph were married).
Marguerite Catherine Guilmond's parents were Joseph Guilmond and Franciose Otayiamewisque.
Click here to see a copy of the original marriage certificate. it's handwritten in French. Also note that the first three children were born before the marriage (there were no priests in Sault Ste. Marie at the time).
Joseph Charles was the progenitor of all the Boissonneau's and Bussineau's in the Sault Ste. Marie area to the best of my knowledge. He had nine children, 6 with his first wife and 3 with his second.
Joseph's second wife was Nancy (Nannice/Annie/Annay) [Medex/Metas/Medey-inionmetous/Misquabonaqua/Migissabonakwe] or Nancy Misquabonaqua. Nancy was born about 1803 and died in 1864 in Sault Ste. Marie.
Joseph died about 1867, but we have no official record of this, his burial date or location. We need help on this.
About the capture of Fort Mackinaw
The British military post at Michilmackinac was transferred to the United States in 1796 by mutual agreement, and the forces stationed there retired to St. Joseph Island, where a fort and blockhouse were erected. From this latter post, at a subsequent period, issued that famous volunteer contingent of one hundred and sixty Canadian voyageurs, accompanied by a few (30) British regulars with two field pieces, under Captain Roberts, * who effected the recapture of Mackinaw for the British. This occurred on the 16th of July, 1812, the first year of the war. In a subsequent attack by the Americans to recover the post the Canadian voyageurs gallantly assisted in its defense. Mackinaw was again restored to the United States according to treaty stipulations in 1815, when the British garrison found refuge on Drummond Island, in proximity to the former post of St. Joseph. The Canadian voyageurs still preferring to follow the fortunes of the British flag, with one of two exceptions, removed with the forces to Drummond Island. On the completion of the treaty surveys, Drummond Island proved to be in United States territory. There upon the British forces, under Lieut. Carson, commanding a detachment of the 68th Regiment, withdrew to the navel station at Penetanguishene, which event occurred on the 4th of November, 1828.
Joseph lived in the Sault Ste Marie area most of his life. His first wife was of mixed blood and the second an Indian (for more info see Dave Boissineau).
From an old hand written record the following information was gleaned. After the treaty era all the Boissonneau's became "status Indians for a brief period in order to gain rights to the land. After the treaty all those who had lived in the Sault and back farms were not acknowledged in their ownership of land. So they went where they could get the free land they felt they deserved, i.e., onto the reserve."
Joseph Charles was active in establishment and building of the first Catholic Church in Sault Ste. Marie. His name appears on a petition letter to the Bishop of Upper Canada dated September 24, 1834. Click here to see the transcription of this letter from the Archives of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Toronto.
According to same record, "they comprise the largest family on the Garden River Reserve, 143 out of 809 population." Thus my family is split between those that embraced the First Nation Ojibwa heritage and those that shunned the First Nation Ojibwa heritage. My family is of the latter, and our Ojibwa heritage was never openly admitted or discussed. There is a story that family land was given away, and the rightful heirs never received their just inheritance. Seems like a time immemorial theme. I, however, am proud of my Native American background. I don't know what exactly happened. I and other family members can only speculate.
Joseph Charles 6 children with Margaret Catherine Guilmond were: